PDF | On Jan 1, , Piotr Gąsiorowski and others published Review of Katamba, Francis. An introduction to phonology. An Introduction to Phonology has 29 ratings and 3 reviews. This is a practical introduction to generative phonology for the novice, reflecting the trends. An introduction to phonological theory placed within the framework of recent mainstream generative phonology. The book is divided into two.

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Consider the words in [2. This book is a simple, practical introduction to phon- ology aktamba the model of generative phonology as it has evolved during the last twenty years or so. Azerbaijani, British Columbian French, Persian and English exemplify with different embellishments the other common type, namely a quadrangular vowel system which may be represented as [2.

Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children.

Introduction to Phonology

Open to the public Book; Illustrated English Show 0 more libraries At a very obvious and trivial level, the fact that nobody has lips long enough to make contact with the uvular precludes labio-uvular consonants.

What is more likely is that the ‘word’ would be perceived as a rather unsuccessful or inelegant way of saying [tul] tool or [kul] cool, whichever seemed appropriate in the context. More than anything, the ability to speak, the ability to use language is what sets us apart from the rest of the animal kingdom.

In the first experiment, you should be able to feel your fingers vibrating slightly when you say [vvvv] but not when you say [ffffj. Communications engineers are interested in increasing the efficiency of telephone systems.

While in English clicks are not fully-fledged speech sounds which can combine with other sounds to form words, in some languages which happen to be almost exclusively found in Southern Africa clicks are used as regular speech sounds.

B y n o w it will be obvious that in order to understand phonology one must have a grasp of the basic concepts of phonetics, which as w e saw in the first chapter, is the study of the production of speech sounds by speakers, their perception by hearers and their acoustic properties. This frequently happens where a voiceless consonant occurs between two voiced vowels. These 5 locations in Victoria: Provide minimal pairs showing how these sounds contrast word meaning.


Variation in the physical execution of a given phonetic target need not be random. The airstream is simultaneously obstructed at two points like a river dammed at two points. Thus, while French permits front rounded vowels although they are unusual, Viet- namese forbids them but permits back spread unrounded ones which are no less unusual.

An Introduction to Phonology

Yet others, like Italian, Kikuyu and Efik have four degrees of aperture and a seven-member vowel system. Introduction to phonetics 2. Examples [m n rj] The final sounds in all these words are nasal: Refresh and try again. Finally, introducrion quality of a vowel is affected by the shape of the lips.

Phonologically, however, this kind of low level detail is overlooked. It was given its first full and authoritative statement in Chomsky and Halle’s book The Sound Pattern of English. It is not easy to feel exactly where vowels are made. The second part is devoted to phonological theory. Thus, it would be bizarre for any language to have a rule nasalising vowels before the following assortment of consonants: Contrast the inventories in [6. The soft palate and the back of the tongue are the ini- tiators of the movement of air and the direction of the airflow is inward.

Determine which of the following nonsense words which you are probably seeing for the first time is a possible English word: Important though they are, naturalness and markedness are not absolute concepts. The phoneme is an abstraction. Not only do they phonplogy different, they also mean different things. The difference lies in the manner of articulation of their initial consonants.

That certain combinations of features are more favoured, more natural than others is beyond dispute. This product kataamba a member of the following series.


Grammar, Comparative and general – Phonology. Nasal sounds are produced with air escaping through the nose; the velum is lowered to allow access to the nasal tract. Books by Francis Katamba.

For each segment alter the value of the feature indi- cated, keeping all the other features unchanged. After a dissimilation rule has applied, phonological elements are less like each other than they were before the rule applied.

There, no grammatical restrictions seem to apply: Develop websites just for your course, acting as a bespoke ‘one-stop shop’ introductikn you and your students to access eBooks, MyLab or Mastering courses, videos and your own original material. Alex- ander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone, was a Scottish phonetician, like his father and grandfather before him.

Not least because often spelling mistakes – such as misspelling feel as feeyal – can be understood and remedied if the instructor realises that phonetically that word is frequently pronounced as [fijsl].

Dental, alveolar, alveo-palatal, retroflex and palatal sounds are coronal; labial, velar, uvular and pharyngeal consonants are noncoronal.

An introduction to phonology / Francis Katamba. – Version details – Trove

The parameters high, mid and low enable one to distinguish three degrees of vowel height as you can introducgion in [i. The incorrect spelling is, introxuction fact, phonetically well motivated. Hence, the rule of suffix voice agreement is an instance of regressive assimilation. How to read this book online. This account might look plausible for Czech, but it would not do in those situations where asymmetry is unre- lieved, even by borrowing.

Stress and intonation Other tongue configurations are regarded as departures from that norm.