The Third Battle of Panipat fought on January 14, between the Marathas and forces of the Afghan ruler Ahmad Shah Abdali and his allies was one of the. Article shared by: The most important event of the period of Balaji was the third battle of Panipat which was fought between the Marathas and Ahmad Shah. About the Book: Third Battle of Panipat The book Third Battle of Panipat is an authentic account of the battle fought between the Marathas and the allied armies .

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Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer – no Kindle device required. The Afghan cavalry and pikemen ran wild through the streets of Panipat, killing tens of thousands of Maratha soldiers and civilians. The forces led by Ahmad Shah Durrani came out victorious after destroying several Maratha flanks.

The resulting carnage sent the Rohillas reeling back to their lines, leaving the battlefield in the hands of Ibrahim for the next three hours, during which the 8, Gardi musketeers killed about 12, Rohillas. Date 14 January This combined army captured the Mughal capital, Delhi, from an Afghan garrison in December Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. He successfully conspired with Malhar Rao Holkar as well.

Durrani had both numeric as well as qualitative superiority over Marathas. Keep Exploring Britannica Pearl Harbor attack. His army swept aside the Afghan force that marched out to meet it, so Sultan Ibrahim himself led a second army into the field, taking up a position at Panipat, to the north of Delhi. Desperately trying to rally his forces, Shah Wali appealed to Shuja ud Daulah for assistance. He was also diplomatic, striking agreements with Hindu leaders, especially the Jats and Rajputs, and former rivals like the Nawab of Awadh, appealing to him in the name of religion.

The Third Battle of Panipat (1761 A.D.) | India | Maratha Empire

Durrani Empire Supported by: Both of them have now reached Peshawar with a few broken troops Dattaji was killed in the battle. The description of eyewitnesses of both sides have been taken into account to make an unbiased report. When the Peshwa heard of the death and defeat gattle Dattaji, he despatched a Maratha army under the command of Sadashiva Tjird Bhau to the North with a view to turn out Abdali from India.


Afgans riflemen and short range cannons fired flawlessly onto the Marstha Army and Marathas’began to fall down one after another. On the other side the Afghans formed a somewhat similar line, a few metres to the south of today’s Sanauli Road.

Sign up for our Demystified newsletter and get this free guide. Thus all have risen against Ahmad who has lost control panipag the region. The book gives the detailed description of the armed strength of the two armies, the diplomatic moves made by the two parties, the political scenario and the various causes that battlf to the defeat.

Abdali therefore, sent of his own bodyguards with orders to raise all able-bodied men out of camp and send them to the front. Vast numbers of elephants, flags of all descriptions, the finest horses, magnificently caparisoned Get to Know Us.

Third Battle of Panipat – Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thus, the weakness of Mughul emperors, the division of the nobility in contending groups, the ambition of the Marathas to gain influence in the North and, for that purpose, their promise, of support to the Mughul emperor and the ambition of Abdali to capture Kashmir, Multan and Punjab and, for that purpose, his support to the Turani group of nobility, etc.

The combined Afghan army was much larger than that of Marathas. Approximately 45, combatants killed. Custom Mapping Location Locator Solutions more Some historians disputed that if Malharo Holkerr or Roghunath Rao was made chief of Maratha Army,the result might have been different,because they were well-known about the political situation of North India.

Taking advantage of this, some Afghan soldiers who had been captured by the Marathas earlier during the siege of Kunjpura revolted.

He felt shortage of supplies. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Shejwalkar, whose monograph Panipat is often regarded as the single best secondary source on the battle, says that “not less thanMarathas soldiers and non-combatants perished during and after the battle. Hamilton of Bombay Gazette about half a million Marathi people were present there in Panipat town and he gives a figure of 40, prisoners as executed by Afghans. However, htird seeing the Gardis fight, they lost their patience and decided to fight the Rohillas themselves.


Abdali had given a part of his army the task of surrounding and killing the Gardis, who were at the leftmost part of the Maratha army.

The Marathas, under Scindia, attacked Najib.

The Era of Baji rao. Abdali claimed Kashmir, Multan and Punjab as his own provinces and, with a view to capture them, was keen to interfere in the politics of Delhi. This was due to the resourcefulness of its paanipat, Baburdemonstrated in his use of field fortifications and his instinctive sense of the value of the firepower of gunpowder.

Articles such as this one were acquired and published with the primary aim of expanding the information on Britannica. He sent his bodyguards to call up his 15, reserve troops from his camp and arranged them as a column in front of his cavalry of musketeers Qizilbash and 2, swivel-mounted shutarnaals or Ushtranaal—cannons—on the pf of camels.

14th January The Third Battle of Panipat took place

Among them, the one group was that of the Indian Muslims and, the other one, that of the foreign Muslims particularly those of the Turanis.

Taking a calculated risk, Abdali plunged into the river, followed by his bodyguards and troops. After their defeat in this battle, the Marathas could no longer claim to be the foremost power in India. Holkar and Sindhia panipah on the extreme right. Seeing that the battle was on, Ahmad Shah positioned his 60 smooth-bore cannon and opened fire. Abdali declared that his aim was not to stay in India but desired to thirf out the Marathas of the South and place Emperor Shah Alam on the throne of Delhi.